Kate Byng-Hall reveals the long awaited breakthrough in finding a curable solution for HIV. | Health and Nutrition
Photo by Laura Cros
The second person ever has been cured of HIV in London. Adam Castillejo, 40, is still free of the virus more than 30 months after stopping anti-retroviral therapy (ART) for it.
Castillejo, otherwise known as the ‘London Patient’, was found to have been cured of the disease after receiving a stem-cell transplant to cure the unrelated cancer which he was also suffering from. It is yet to be determined whether his recovery could have a meaningful contribution to the formulation of a universal cure for the virus.
Scientists say that HIV originated in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo and is said to have transmitted over from monkeys, to chimpanzees before finally crossing over to humans in the 1920s, causing a worldwide pandemic.
What is HIV?
HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that damages cells in the immune system, thus decreasing the body’s ability to fight everyday infections and disease.