Kate Byng-Hall explores the biodiversity landscape, its challenges and some simple solutions to help it flourish. | Nature and Environmental
Photo by Hannah Bruckner
The UK’s ecosystem is facing a crisis. Scientists approximate that populations of the UK’s most important wildlife have plummeted by an average of 60% since 1970, with three quarters of all butterfly species dropping significantly in numbers in recent years.
We must try to rectify these declines and prevent the same happening to other species. A recent RHS Study has outlined multiple reasons why Britain’s people developing personal domestic gardens could have huge benefits for our ecosystem and our wildlife:
Gardens help control urban temperatures, mitigating the effects of extreme heat and cold caused by climate change.
They prevent flooding by absorbing rainwater that would otherwise overload drainage systems.
They have effectively become some of Britain’s best nature reserves, housing a range of species including birds, mammals and invertebrates.
They support human health by easing stress and providing physical exercise.
Our Green Spaces
Some experts have said that Britain could be facing a period of deforestation due to the inadequate rate at which trees a